FGAA/AGA 1970–1979

January 1970

Six bylaws amendments approved by chapters: Increase of $5 in national dues for all membership classes, effective July 1, 1970. Military leaves of absence and suspension of dues for members called into the armed forces. Establish a Long-Range Planning Committee as a standing committee. Require follow-up implementation of committee recommendations as approved by the Executive Committee. Create a National Advisory Council to replace the former Policy Board. Increase the number of Regional Vice Presidents from five to nine.

After many years of waiting, along with diligent efforts to demonstrate its “credentials,” FGAA has been admitted to full membership in the Summit Council, which is comprised of AICPA, AAA, IIA, FEI and the National Association of Accountants. The council meets periodically to address issues of mutual concern.

February 1970

FGAA of Saigon formed.

March 1970

Ellsworth H. Morse Jr., current President-Elect, will become president in fiscal year 1971. Candidates for fiscal year 1971 President-Elect are Sidney S. Baurmash, a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter, and Harry Levine, a member of the Philadelphia Chapter.

May 1970

Vice Admiral H.G. Rickover, USN, world-renowned authority on the production and use of atomic power, will present the keynote address at the 19th Annual National FGAA Symposium on June 18 in Miami Beach.

June 1970

For the first time in its history, FGAA membership has topped the 7,000 mark. Membership as of April 30 was 7,275.

October 1970

The Financial Management Standards Board has completed a draft of the FGAA Code of Ethics.

George J. Penick, a Past National President, died suddenly at 59. He was the first FGAA National President to live outside the Washington, D.C. area.

November–December 1970

Charter No. 71 goes to FGAA Peninsula-Palo Alto Chapter, with 60 new members and William J. Mannion as the first president.

Charter No. 72 goes to the Guam Chapter, with 35 members and Floyd W. Fagg as the first president.

The National Office is moving to Crystal City in Arlington, VA, in early 1971. The new address will be Suite 120, 727 South 23rd St., Arlington, VA 22202. Phone: 703.684.6931.

January 1971

As of November 30, net membership total was 6,141, considerably below the July 1 figure of 7,275. Of concern are the 1,496 who have not yet paid their dues for this year and are soon to be dropped.

Esther Campbell is now the chair of the National Membership Committee, first woman that has been mentioned in Topics as chair of a national committee.

President Morse seeks members interested in preparing a 25th Anniversary history of the Association, which has grown to 7,500 members with 62 active chapters since its inception.

February 1971

Candidates for fiscal year 1972 President-Elect are Eugene T. Nettles, a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter, and Arthur L. Litke, also a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter.

April 1971

20th Annual National Symposium in Washington, D.C. plans coming together.

FGAA has been asked by Volunteers for International Technical Assistance, Inc. (VITA) to conduct seminars on bookkeeping systems for several small minority businesses in the Washington area. The Civil Service Commission referred VITA to FGAA.

August 1971

Sidney S. Baurmash inducted as FGAA National President.

20th Annual Symposium attracts 914 registrants from 67 federal agencies.

In a major shift in policy on symposium sites, FGAA’s Executive Committee has voted to end the previous pattern of returning to Washington every other year for the annual meeting.

September 1971

Association’s Executive Committee will vote by September 30 on the question of admitting state and local members to active membership in FGAA.

Membership certificate number 15,000 goes to Edmund E. Slattery Jr., DCAA, a member of the Philadelphia Chapter.

October 1971

The Association’s Executive Committee has approved (with a vote of 51 to 21) in principle, the admission of state and local officials to active FGAA membership.

FGAA’s Code of Ethics has been reproduced in a format suitable for framing and display and will be furnished to individual members upon request.

December 1971

FGAA of Central Germany petition signed by 16 current members and 30 prospective members, receives charter no. 73. The chapter would mark the reestablishment of an active FGAA chapter in Europe, with the former Paris and Frankfort Chapters having been defunct for several years.

21st Annual National Symposium to be held in Los Angeles, June 21-23, 1972.

January 1972

Fiscal year 1973 candidates for President-Elect Zane Geier, a member of the Atlanta Chapter, and Joseph P. Welsch, a member of the Northern Virginia Chapter.

February 1972

Nominations “from the floor” yield two additional candidates for National President-Elect: Harry Levine, a member of the Philadelphia Chapter, and Robert B. Lewis, a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter.

June 1972

Harry Levine named President-Elect for fiscal year 1974.

FGAA backs mandatory continuing education programs for federal accountants.

August 1972

Arthur Litke becomes National President.

Executive Committee meets in Los Angeles, votes to hold 1975 Symposium in Miami Beach and deals with the impending retirement of Executive Director James A. Robbins (who is also a Past National President).

Nearly 700 attend the symposium in Los Angeles, 150 travel on a chartered flight from Washington, D.C.

September 1972

Dr. Lennis M. Knighton of Brigham Young University reports that the FGAA-underwritten textbook on governmental financial management is now 50 percent complete.

October 1972

Financial Accounting Foundation seeks FGAA assistance in making nominations for appointments to the Financial Accounting Standards Board and Financial Accounting Standards Advisory Council, both generated by AICPA’s Report of the Study on Establishment of Accounting Principles, and will replace the Accounting Principles Board.

December-January 1973

Search is under way for a replacement for executive director. James Robbins’ resignation is effective August 31, 1973.

February 1973

President Litke forms an ad hoc committee to review goals and objectives of FGAA as listed in the bylaws. John Grady of the Interstate Commerce Commission is named chairman.

President-Elect candidates are John Cooley, a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter, and Chris Peratino, a member of the Montgomery/Prince Georges County Chapter.

FGAA sponsors a post-symposium vacation to Spain for anyone interested.

March 1973

National President Arthur Litke, John Lordan, chair of FGAA’s Financial Standards Board, Past National President Ellsworth H. Morse; Past National President Andrew Barr have all been named to the new Financial Accounting Standards Advisory Council.

Lennis Knighton sets December as the target to complete the long-awaited government financial management textbook.

April 1973

Association’s planning board considers hiring full-time education director in the National Office. Suggestion has been marked by controversy.

FGAA and AICPA to offer joint series of workshops on operational auditing.

May 1973

Membership certificate number 17,000 goes to David A. Hanna of Colorado. Active membership as of April 30, 1973 was 7,290. The goal is 7,500 by April 30, 1974.

FGAA to honor departing Executive Vice President James A. Robbins with a dinner in June.

June–July 1973

Kenneth R. Ketcham, an association management executive, is tapped to succeed Robbins as executive vice president. More than 125 applicants were considered.

John Cooley is elected President-Elect.

Richmond, VA chapter formed with charter members. Wayne Clements is president. The chapter, the first to be located in a state capital city, is 50-50 split of federal and state officials.

President-Elect Levine expresses concern over the wave of new certifications in the accounting profession.

August 1973

The 22nd Annual National Symposium sets records with 1,200 registrants at the Washington, D.C. event.

Harry Levine becomes National President.

National Executive Board rejects dues increase proposed by the Association’s Planning Board.

Symposium keynote address given by Richard C. Gerstenberg, a lifelong friend of outgoing Executive Vice President James A. Robbins. Revenue sharing subject at the federal, state and local levels is the highlight of the symposium.

September 1973

Central Missouri Chapter forming, to be called the Mid-Missouri Chapter. Majority of the charter members will be coming from state government. Personnel in the state auditor’s office are pursuing the charter. Forty of the 50 charter members are from state government.

FGAA renegotiates second year of contract with Office of Minority Business Enterprise to train minority businessmen through training programs in 10 cities across the country. FGAA chapters do the training.

Robbins vacates executive vice president’s post on August 14, after holding the position since it was created as a full-time National Office job in 1969. Ketchum comes on board after a month of training with Robbins.

October 1973

National President Levine takes a stand on federal/private pay comparability by testifying before the President’s Advisory Committee on Pay.

Martin Powers, AGA’s first paid staffer, who was the part-time secretary/treasurer, died. Worked for FGAA for 13 years from when the Association went national in 1956 to when Robbins became the first full-time executive vice president in 1969.

November 1973

Lennis Knighton nears completion on the government financial management textbook.

In a bold move to place FGAA at the forefront of public service and enhance the professional image of the Association, every key agency executive in the federal government has been invited to call on FGAA whenever professional financial management assistance or advice is needed.

December–January 1974

A survey gauging member interest in a certification program is included in TOPICS.

National Office considers the formation of a speaker’s bureau to aid local chapters in finding speakers for their events.

February 1974

Chris S. Peratino, a member of the Montgomery/Prince Georges County Chapter, and Maurice Pujol, a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter, are the nominees for President-Elect.

President Levine supports the creation of a full-time director of education and research in the National Office.

National Awards Committee considers new national award to recognize a nominee who has made the greatest contribution to an FGAA chapter. it would be called the Chapter Service Award.

National Chapter Activities Committee launches the One-On-One Program asking every member to bring in at least one new member. Can we double our membership to 15,000?

March 1974

Plans coming together for the 23rd Annual Symposium in Dallas on June 19–21, 1974.

FGAA hosts the Summit Group, which consists of the six major accounting organizations.

April 1974

Professional Auditors Created in GAO Program: A recently announced upward mobility program at the General Accounting Office would establish the equivalent of a para-professional group in the audit skill while at the same time offer the opportunity for lower-level employees to move out of dead-ended clerical and technical positions.

Another state capital-based chapter is welcomed—FGAA of Baton Rouge. Ronald G. Close is president and there are 40 charter members, many of whom are state employees. This reflects a growing interest in FGAA on the part of state and local people since the Association moved to admit them to full membership. This is the third state-capital based chapter admitted in the past year.

May 1974

Ad hoc committee on certification issues its report.

June 1974

John Cooley becomes National President.

Jackson, Mississippi Chapter chartered with 29 members.

Chris Peratino named fiscal year 1976 President-Elect.

August 1974

23rd Annual National Symposium attracts nearly 700 paid registrants in Dallas.

Search is launched for an FGAA education director.

September 1974

OMBE program enters its third year of providing training to minority businessmen in 10 cities across the country.

Building membership through direct mail is considered.

FGAA and eight accounting associations with major interest in government financial management are forming the Consortium of Government Financial Management Associations to explore areas of common interest.

Peter Drucker, who many consider to be the star of the professional management boom in American industry, to address combined meeting of FGAA’s Washington, D.C. Chapter, the Joint Financial Management Improvement Program and the American Society for Public Administration.

New chapter forming in West Palm Beach, FLA.

National Education and Training Committee has sponsored three highly successful seminars exploring the Congressional Budget and Improvement Control Act of 1974.

President Cooley commends President Ford for calling for improvements in productivity from the large and growing portion of the gross national product expended by federal, state and local governments. FGAA and the American Society of Military Comptrollers are co-sponsoring a workshop on productivity.

Ad hoc committee formed to explore the feasibility of purchasing an FGAA building to house the National Office at some point in the future. The Association now leases space in Crystal City, which is in Arlington, VA.

November 1974

Front page of TOPICS is devoted to noting the growth of women among the ranks of government financial managers.

President Cooley discusses the idea of changing FGAA’s name.

Federal fiscal year start moves from the previously hallowed date of July 1 to October 1.

December 1974

Dr. J. Arthur Smith, former assistant comptroller of the Army for Economic Policy and International Programs, has been named FGAA education director.

1975 Special Symposium Issue
Silver Symposium of the Federal Government Accountants Association, held at the Carillon Hotel in Miami Beach, FL. Observing “Twenty-Five Years of Progress Toward Improving Government…Looking Back to 1950—Looking Ahead to 2000—Looking at Today’s Issues in Historical Perspective…”

Keynoter is Elmer B. Staats, comptroller general of the United States.

Members of the FGAA National Executive Board have approved $15 increase in national dues, taking dues from $17.50 to $22.50 for regular members, effective July 1, 1975.

FGAA member Joyce E. Charles asks President Cooley to acknowledge International Women’s Year. Charles points out that FGAA membership includes many women—including several in key leadership roles. But she states that there is a need for more women in the profession, and more specifically, more women FGAA members. Cooley urges chapters to emphasize this concept in its membership drives and programs.

National Executive Board receives proposal from National Bylaws Committee recommending that the Association enter its second quarter-century with brand new name: the Association of Government Accountants. After a lengthy study under chairman Fletcher Lutz, the recommendation reflects a poll of the National Executive Board done in December of 1974, in which an overwhelming majority favored a name change. One key consideration, Lutz said, was a strongly expressed consensus that the word “federal” be removed from the name to reflect the Association’s broadening membership base.

March 1975

As of January 31, 1975, there were 7,637 members.

Fiscal year 1977 presidential candidates are Elwood A. Platt, CIA, a member of the Montgomery/Prince Georges County Chapter; and Donald Scantlebury, CPA, CIA, a member of the Northern Virginia Chapter.

Executive Vice President (executive director) Ketchum says signs are abundant that FGAA is at a critical evolutionary period at its 25th Anniversary. Three signs confirm his point: the proposal to change FGAA’s name; the extensive education program that is now just beginning in earnest; and the presentations before the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy to obtain recognition of government accounting experience toward a CPA certificate.

May 1975

President Cooley appoints a committee to select a new executive vice president to replace Ketchum, whose term expires July 31, 1975.

NEC to be formed.

Name change seems likely.

New FGAA force: women and state/local members.

FGAA building plans advance.

June 1975

Alice M. Rivlin, director of the new Congressional Budget Office, becomes first woman to be honorary member of FGAA.

July 1: It’s AGA!

By a vote of better than four to one, FGAA’s National Executive Board has approved “Association of Government Accountants” as the Association’s new name, effective July 1. Ballots on the name change were due May 10, but the strong tide favoring the changeover was obvious from the very first returns, and further reflected the overwhelming sentiment expressed for a change of some sort in a National Executive Board vote taken earlier this year. And so, a sentimental and devoted tribute of farewell to FGAA, and a rousing salute to AGA!

April 15—membership number was 8,011. April set an all-time high of 374 new members in one month.

Committee seeking new executive vice president/executive director plans to make a decision by June 26.

West Palm Beach Chapter welcomed with 30 new members. Charles M. Hipp, president.

Members are asked to help redesign a new masthead for the national newsletter, Federal Financial Management TOPICS. Question of whether to remove the federal dome on the masthead, which has been there since 1961. The new name of the Association makes the name of the newsletter and quarterly journal obsolete. The Publications Committee has tentatively decided to change the name of the journal to “Government Accounting” as of September of 1975.

July 1975

Nathan Cutler, former director of audits for the Department of Transportation, has been selected as AGA’s new executive vice president. He was the fiscal year 1969 National President.

Members slip into easy use of “AGA” following the change of the Association’s name.

Chris Peratino becomes National President.

Donald L. Scantlebury, a member of the Northern Virginia Chapter, is named President-Elect for fiscal year 1977.

August 1975

June tops April with 402 new members in one month.

National Executive Board approves reorganization of governing body and record high budget of $368,219 for fiscal year 1976. In approving the reorganization, the NEB changed its own name to National Board of Directors, enlarged its size from 80 to 190, adding chapter presidents-elect, Regional Vice Presidents-elect and all Past National Presidents to its ranks. It also established a 10-member National Executive Committee, which will act for the NBD in implementing Association policies. The NEC formation was somewhat controversial. Proponents argued that it would absorb the burden of day-to-day policy decisions previously laid solely on the National President. The NEC consists of the National President, National President-Elect, Immediate Past National President, Executive Vice President and six members at-large.

Miami Symposium attracts 750 registrants.

National Education Committee announces in Miami that its contract with Dr. Lennis Knighton to write a governmental accounting textbook is concluded. Textbook to be published in the spring.

Cutler takes a page from President Ford’s book by pledging to be judged in his new job not by the promises he makes but by the promises he keeps.

October 1975

Association plans to purchase a National Office building and hire a Washington real estate firm.

Plans for the 1976 Symposium in Philadelphia shift into high gear.

NEC holds first meeting. Among other business, it decides against reissuance of new membership certificates to those who joined before the July 1, 1975 name change. Decide to charge a minimal fee for anyone wanting a new AGA certificate. Also, the NEC approved changing the name of The Federal Accountant to The Government Accountants Journal, effective with March 1976 issue.

November 1975

AGA education program kicks into high gear by taking educational opportunities to the membership in the field. The training package includes five-day Application of ADP to Operating Accounts; three-day Computer Seminar for Financial Personnel; two-day Seminar on Functional Accounting; one-day Workshop on Systems Analysis Through Flow Charting; two days on Program Budgeting Analysis and two days on Program Evaluation.

Title of TOPICS is changed to Financial Management TOPICS, removing the word federal until a new name is decided upon.

December-January 1976

Newsletter name is changed to Government Financial Management TOPICS.

NEC, at its second meeting, moves to adopt a national/chapter “charter” relationship with chapters officially recognized as separate, noncorporate entities. Approves the name The Government Accountants Journal, (effective with the March 1976 issue), with the subtitle of “Financial Management in the Public Sector.” NEC approves charters for El Paso/Las Cruces & Tuscon Chapters.

February 1976

Thirty AGA members to attend top-level White House meeting to explain Association’s programs and objectives to officials.

NEC approves the publication of the history of FGAA’s first 25 years.

Gerald Murphy, a member of the Washington, D.C. Chapter, employed by the Treasury Department, has been nominated as President-Elect. Murphy and the RVP-elect nominees were named as sole candidates under the single-slate selection process that most professional organizations now follow.

March 1976

Elwood Platt, a member of the Montgomery/Prince Georges County Chapter, has been nominated to face Gerald Murphy, the National Nominating Committee’s single-slate candidate.

AGA chapter-level course in Operational Auditing—Basic, is scheduled in eight AGA chapter cities through August.

April 1976

AGA welcomes Northwest Florida Chapter with 30 new members. Frederick A. Brady is the organizer.

May 1976

A Treasury Department report accuses federal and state program managers, as well as auditors and other officials at both levels of deliberately sabotaging efforts to give states more responsibility for conducting audits of federally assisted grant programs. Result is a patchwork of confusing audit responsibilities, with an inevitable duplication of effort and waste of manpower and money.

Huntsville Chapter changes name to North Alabama. The Cape Canaveral Chapter has also changed its name recently to the Space Coast Chapter.

In symposium advertising, there is a noticeable shift from “Bring the Ladies” to “Family Events” as more and more women professionals join the AGA ranks.

June 1976

National Research Board takes the place of the Research Committee. Past National President John Cooley is named chairman.

NEC works with Lennis Knighton to complete government financial management textbook sponsored by AGA.

OMBE Program continues with 30 chapters participating and 42 courses offered. AGA signs fiscal year 1977 contract with the Department of Commerce.

North Carolina Triangle Chapter is forming in Raleigh, NC area with 47 new members. Chapter is largely state- and local-oriented.

Wagoner serves as president. Charter No. 86 is issued.

Association’s Employment Referral Service continues to generate much interest. NBD to address administration of service.

July–August 1976

National President Chris Peratino caps year’s successes—May 31, 1976, membership was 8,683, which is 285 more than the same date last year. Five new AGA chapters were chartered: Tuscon, El Paso/Las Cruces, Puerto Rico, Northwest Florida and North Carolina Triangle. The AGA education director developed 10 short courses and seven state boards of accountancy and state societies have moved to accept AGA-sponsored courses for CPE. In addition, AGA doubled the content of Topics, published a 25-year history of FGAA, and hired a real estate agent, architect and builder to adapt the site on 20th Street, between L and M Streets in Washington, D.C. for a National Office building. AGA met with AICPA to discuss problems AGA members are having in gaining recognition for their government experience to qualify for the CPA. Special Achievement Award was initiated to recognize mid-level and younger professionals in the Association.

Gerald Murphy elected President-Elect.

Madison Chapter changes its name to Southern Wisconsin.

Robert S. LaPorte is designated a Past National President after serving in the position for a brief time in 1961 (when he was First Vice President) when both candidates for National President were forced to withdraw from the race.

The Cost Accounting Standards Board considers proposal to have AGA perform an objective study to evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of Cost Accounting Standards.

Peratino accuses Elwood Platt Jr. of ethics violation for forming an “Independent Nominating Committee” to object to the single-slate strategy and to support his candidacy against Murphy. He also made inflammatory statements about the Association’s motives in approving the single slate strategy. He apologized and the matter was dropped.

September 1976

NEC takes up an ongoing dispute over equitable distribution of Symposium income between the national organization and the host chapters. The big question is whether direct time and associated overhead of National Office staff spent on the Symposium should be charged against the income figure prior to applying the 90-10 split formula approved by the NBD in June. Matter to be brought to the NBD at next year’s meeting.

Hawaii Chapter welcomed with Kip Jones as president and 32 members. Mid-Florida Chapter (located in Orlando) is formed with 24 new members and six transfers. James M. Snyder is president.

Sweeping fiscal year 1977 education program reflects wide variety of member interests and needs.

AGA terminates languishing textbook project. Author Lennis Knighton returns AGA investment.

Silver Anniversary history is published, “From Birth to Maturity: The First Twenty-Five Years of the Federal Government Accountants Association.”

October 1976

AGA makes headway in its steady, uphill effort to eliminate discrimination against government accountants who are pursuing the CPA certificate. Recent action in two states, plus the favorable discussion climate between AGA, the AICPA and NASBA have contributed to AGA’s positive outlook. Allen Reynolds, chairman of the AGA subcommittee on relations with the AICPA, summarizes AGA’s position as follows:

  • not to seek blanket acceptance of government experience, but to seek removal of impediments which result in blanket rejection.
  • to overcome practices which subject the government auditor to stricter judgments on experience than apply to his colleagues in public accounting.

AGA takes strong position on federal pay. As in the past, the Association has taken no issue with specific rates or percentages recommended. Rather, the comments have centered on perceived flaws in the system which appear to have worked against the financial management careerist. AGA “deplores” the continuing freeze on upper-level salary increases, and expressed the Association’s continuing concern over the resulting detrimental effect on retaining top-level professionals in government. AGA’s Employment Referral Service is expected to expand significantly in scope with the upcoming mailing of a special brochure describing the service to potential users.

November 1976

AGA sets goal of 10,000 members with start of MORE campaign (Membership Offers Relevant Education). New incentives for members who sponsor the most new members and chapters that show the highest percentage membership increase.|

26th Annual National Symposium scheduled for June 27–29, 1977 at the Sheraton Park Hotel, Washington, D.C.

December 1976

To support the activities of the new National Research Board, the NEC instructs the director of education to devote some of his time to research initiatives.

Treasury Department releases a prototype report, “United States Government Consolidated Financial Statements.”

January 1977

MORE program is on target. Had 8,715 members when the program began on July 1, 1976 and now have 560 new members. However, even with the new members, the membership number at press time was 8,190 since many members had not yet paid their dues. MORE acronym expanded to say: Membership Obligations Rest on Everyone.

AGA issues research project “Review Guide for Federal Grantees’ Financial Management Systems.”

February 1977

NEC relinquishes all rights to the ill-fated textbook when it receives $14,000 check from author Lennis Knighton, who pledges to pursue the project on his own.

Membership number now at 8,409.

AGA seminars on Zero Base Budgeting are in hot demand. Fourteen chapters have indicated an interest in hosting the ZBB seminars and 11 dates are confirmed.

Arthur Schoenhaut, executive secretary of the Cost Accounting Standards Board, has been nominated president-elect. He is a member of the Montgomery/PG County Chapter.

National Chapter Activities Committee has undertaken a number of projects including standardizing the chapter competition program and offering assistance to weaker chapters.

Legislation was introduced to create Inspectors General in many federal agencies. These positions of unprecedented power are executive level, presidential appointees. Tom Morris was appointed to the first inspector general position created at the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

March 1977

Schoenhaut named President-Elect for FY 1979.

Government accountants who have often criticized the CPA examination because it does not test competence in the government financial process, finally have a chance to do something about it. Through a project of AGA’s National Subcommittee on Relations with AICPA, AGA members are being invited to submit questions in the government accounting/auditing area for possible inclusion in the Uniform CPA Examination.

Washington, D.C. Chapter’s offering of Zero Base Budgeting seminar attracts 1,400, believed to be the largest audience ever for an AGA event.

April 1977

June 30 will mark the fifth anniversary of the AGA/OMBE program.

March membership number hovers around 8,800, which exceeds last June’s high mark of 8,715, but there is still much to be done to meet the 10,000 member goal by June 30.

May 1977

Executive Vice President Nathan Cutler testifies before the House Subcommittee on Employee Ethics and Utilization, chaired by Congresswoman Patricia Schroeder of Colorado. Cutler was commenting on a bill to establish a Commission on Ethics and Financial Disclosure for federal employees. AGA was invited to offer comment because in the words of Schroeder “representing whom they do represent—and considering that accountants are privy to a great deal of the policy-making in government—they (AGA members) may be especially hard hit by the disclosures that HR 3829 would require.” Cutler emphasized AGA’s commitment to the highest ethical standards for government employees and noted that AGA supports “reasonable financial disclosure designed to prevent conflict of interest and to enhance the government employees’ image and public confidence in their work.”

President Scantlebury announces the imminent resignations from the National Office staff of Nathan Cutler, executive vice president, and Dr. Arthur Smith, first director of education. Cutler plans to move to Florida and Smith will head up a private consulting firm. Scantlebury forms a selection committee to replace Cutler.

The Civil Service Commission has lent both general and specific support to AGA’s National Symposium, as well as other activities of professional associations that relate to an employee’s job. The CSC said in a letter to President Scantlebury that it “recognizes that symposia of the Association of Government Accountants provide worthwhile training for government employees engaged in financial management activities…we readily endorse the Association’s 26th annual symposium…the nature of your programs at this symposium will help meet the training needs of federal employees and can be attended under the Government Employees Training Act.”

Past National President Harry Levine proposes research project to improve the quality of financial management in hospitals. The Philadelphia Chapter has agreed to sponsor the research.

2,700 AGA members to receive questionnaire asking their views on the standards promulgated by the Cost Accounting Standards Board.

June 1977

Secretary of the Treasury W. Michael Blumenthal is made an honorary AGA member.

Symposium program now stretches nearly an entire week, from Sunday to Wednesday, with ZBB sessions planned for Thursday and Friday. Congressman Jack Brooks from Texas to be the keynote speaker. Senator Edmund Muskie, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, will deliver the keynote address at the two-day ZBB seminar.

Percentage of women in the accounting profession was recently calculated at 22 percent while the percentage in government is only 8.8 percent. Our membership records do not identify the number of women in AGA. However, a sample survey of three large chapters identified 190 women, roughly 8 percent of the total in those chapters. In FY 1977, we have six women serving as chapter presidents (9 percent) and women occupy approximately 8 percent of the national committee positions. At our last symposium, 9 percent of those attending were women. So it appears that the percentage of women accountants participating in AGA is roughly equal to the percentage of women accountants in government.

They refer to this quote from Bahai: "The world of humanity has two wings: one is women and the other is men. Not until both wings are equal can the bird fly."

August 1977

26th Annual Symposium attracts more than 1,000 attendees and offers seven major addresses and five plenary sessions as well as 45 different workshops—the most extensive array of options ever offered. On to June 26–28, 1978 in San Francisco. Golden Gate in ‘ 78!

Gerald Murphy accepts the gavel from Donald Scantlebury.

National Education Board issue survey to determine continuing professional education needs of members.

Annual NBD meeting described as “low-key.” Observers felt that the brevity and relative blandness of the meeting was attributable to the advent, under a reorganization two years ago, of the National Executive Committee. NBD approved the fiscal year 1978 budget with $552,000 in projected revenues and $544,000 in projected expenses.

June Brown becomes the first woman appointed to the NEC.

Nathan Cutler steps down as executive vice president, stating “AGA and its predecessor, FGAA, have been a vital part of my life since the day I joined the Association twenty-four years ago. I cannot begin to tell you what AGA’s camaraderie, confidence and encouragement have meant to me over the years.” Dr. Mortimer Dittenhofer, a former government careerist and professor at American University, has been named the new executive vice president.

September 1977

Program year gets under way with President Murphy pledging expansion of the education program (with Larry Olewine acting as education director on a part-time basis) and asks members to remember that the G in AGA’s name stands for all levels of government, and urges the Association to support its growing state and local base of members. He also backs a long-range planning effort. Dittenhofer’s top priority is an education program that serves all the members’ needs.

Members of AGA’s Committee on Cooperation with Other Organizations met with the Advisory Committee on Federal Pay to present the Association’s views on the proposed pay raises for federal employees.

Past President Levine’s research project into the finances of hospitals moves forward with the support of the Philadelphia Chapter. In addition, Lloyd Hara, a Seattle Chapter member and auditor of King County, WA has initiated a research project to determine the extent and characteristics of auditing in the nation’s counties.

October 1977

NEC considers the question of whether non-government-employed AGA members can hold national and chapter officer positions, particularly president’s posts. The National Bylaws Committee will develop a “white paper” on the pros and cons of this issue and will seek member opinions.

November 1977

Association adds two new chapters in state capitals—Trenton, NJ and Albany, NY. Trenton Chapter had 48 members in the charter group and Jim Dolan is the first president. The Albany petitioning group had 54 members and will be known as the New York Capital Chapter.

AGA explores the possibility of establishing a research foundation to study major accounting problems inherent in government operations and has prepared a prospectus to be used in soliciting financial support for the endeavor.

Three-fourths of AGA members who work with the issuing of the Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB) feel that the standards have caused cost accounting practices to become more consistent. At the same time, half feel that the standards impose a significantly larger paperwork burden than did the Armed Services Procurement Regulations (ASPR) and the Federal Procurement Regulations (FPR), over which the standards take precedence. Forty-four percent of the respondents further said that the quality of guidance provided by the standards was no better, or worse, than that of ASPR and FPR. The Association’s study was undertaken by an ad hoc committee of AGA’s Financial Management Standards Board.

December 1977

Past National President Ellsworth H. Morse Jr. has died suddenly of a heart attack. Comptroller General Elmer Staats said of the longtime GAO employee: “His host of friends both in and outside the General Accounting Office will feel this loss deeply…” Morse was 64.

NEC appoints task forces to develop and implement ZBB research, one to work on state and local issues for President Murphy and a third to recommend revisions to the Code of Ethics.

The Harrisburg Chapter has changed its name to the Central Pennsylvania Chapter.

Member retention numbers are better this year with only 9.6 percent of the members failing to pay their dues on time as opposed to 14 percent in 1976, 13 percent in 1975, 17 percent in 1974 and 12 percent in 1973.

Executive Vice President Dittenhofer advises chapter officers that they should be bonded after a chapter officer mishandled thousands of dollars belonging to the chapter.

Municipal Finance Officers Association and AGA to hold first mutual training session.

January 1978

Frank Sato, deputy assistant secretary of defense (audit) and director of the Defense Audit Service, has been nominated to become AGA President-Elect. He is a member of the Northern Virginia Chapter.

Despite a sizable cut in the funding of this year’s contract, AGA will maintain approximately the same number of Office of Minority Business Enterprise Courses (OMBE) as last year.

Symposium plans are coming together for June 26–28 in San Francisco.

Dittenhofer addresses the question: Where do my dues go? He points out that last year AGA had to use some of its limited reserves to cover expenses and that publication expenses alone drained 61 percent of the revenue received from dues in 1977.

NEC authorizes formation of Ethics Board to review the code and alleged violations.

February 1978

AGA’s net membership figures at the end of January have surpassed last year’s June 30 end, with 9,097 active members. This is the earliest date that current membership has ever surpassed the past year’s high mark. New chapter activity is helping with membership growth: Springfield, IL was chartered in January and installations are scheduled for the Virgin Islands, Memphis and Little Rock. Other charter applications appear imminent from Lincoln/Omaha, Nebraska, Nashville and Frankfort, KY. The Springfield Chapter augments a growing number of AGA chapters in state capitals. The chapter’s 45 charter members include representation from the Illinois Office of Education and the Office of the Auditor General, among others. Thomas E. Erickson was elected to be the first president.

A recent sampling of opinion indicates that AGA members as a whole feel strongly that the Association’s National President should be an active government employee. The question was part of a poll taken to gauge AGA members’ thoughts on the fairness of the bylaws, which basically preclude non-government and retired members from holding the offices of national and chapter president as well as regional vice president.

Dittenhofer expresses concerns about the Association’s reserves, which have shrunk from $100,000 at the end of 1975 to just over $40,000 today. The July 1, 1975 $5 increase in dues has been offset by the upward creep in prices, which has affected every aspect of our operation. Notes that by American Society of Association Executives standards, AGA should have $180,000 in reserve or net worth equal to one year’s gross revenues. Dittenhofer seeks suggestions from members on how to help this growing problem.

March 1978

Sato confirmed as President-Elect.

Current President-Elect Art Schoenhaut and Dittenhofer hold advance planning meeting for incoming regional vice presidents in Kansas City. The first of its kind meeting continues to be a tradition today.

AGA initiates education newsletter—EduData went out to all members in March, with additional bi-monthly issues scheduled.

AGA’s earlier steps to form a Cash Management Task Force are validated by President Carter’s commitment to improving cash management in government.

End of February membership number is 9,372 active members, which is 750 more than last year. The Membership Committee plans to add new incentives to reach 10,000 by the end of the program year.

National Office is in the process of converting The Government Accountants Journal to a refereed professional journal, which will attract more contributions from academia because of the increased prestige associated with such a publication. The result should be more interest in government accounting and auditing on college campuses.

April 1978

As membership number hovers around 9,600, Membership Committee Chairwoman Audrey Dysland announces the “Wide Angle” membership focus for the remainder of the year—striving for diversity in the thrust toward new members, making sure that members look at ALL prospects for new members.

Thirty-seven outstanding workshops follow six individual tracks of specialization: federal/state/local auditing; federal/state/local accounting; professional self/development; automated data processing; financial management; industry relationships with federal financial management.

May 1978

Virgin Islands Chapter brings 39 charter members and the president is Darrell Fleming. The Memphis Chapter was given an original charter even though it has been chartered in 1960 but has been defunct for a number of years. The new group brings 31 charter members and Russell E. Elmore is the first president. The Central Arkansas Chapter in Little Rock brought 24 charter members and elected State Legislative Auditor Orvel M. Johnson as its first president.

The Office of Management and Budget has published the AGA Review Guide for Grantees’ Financial Management Systems for use by federal agencies last month. The guide was a major AGA research initiative and was presented to the administration by AGA’s Research Board, chaired by Past National President John Cooley.

The National Finance Committee recommends a three-step dues increase after an extensive review of AGA’s current financial picture and its future needs. The proposal includes an immediate (July 1) increase of $5 over the current $22.50 dues rate, with additional increases of $2.50 in each of the following two years. At press time, there was a 3-to-1 trend in support of the recommended increase among the National Board of Directors. A two-thirds margin is needed for the increase to pass.

AGA seeks a director of socio-economic activities in the National Office to oversee the OMBE program and other similar programs that may develop.

June 1978

The Association’s net membership figures pass the magic 10,000 mark in early May and an elated national membership committee was thinking that the 10,500 mark might be attainable by June 30. The unexpectedly high number of charter members brought onboard by the newly chartered Nashville Chapter helped the surge. Three factors aided the achievement of this mark: first was the very high membership retention from last year, second was the record of six new chapters installed by May 1and the third was the outstanding recruitment efforts of chapters and individual members throughout AGA.

Robert L. Turner, administrative officer with HUD’s Federal Insurance Administration in Washington, has been named AGA’s new director of education. Audrey Dysland, past president of the Washington, D.C. Chapter and recently retired from the treasury department, will join the staff as director of finance and services.

NEC approves a dues hike of $5 immediately and $2.50 for each of the following two years. Was approved by the NBD by a margin of nearly 3-to-1. President Murphy, who is also chair of the Long-Range Planning Board, recommends significant expansion in the size and scope of the board, including providing program assumptions for the Finance Committee’s five-year financial plan for the Association.

AGA was to meet again with representatives from five countries to discuss the formation of a consortium on Government Financial Management.

NEC decides to allow some nonaccountant specialties performing financial management functions to qualify for full AGA membership. Cited were such positions as program and management analysts, contract specialists, management auditors, ADP systems analysts, etc. No change in bylaws is deemed necessary to embrace the policy.

Editorial Board is formed for The Government Accountants Journal.

August 1978

Arthur Schoenhaut is now National President.

A year of records concludes: AGA membership (more than 10,000); chapters (83); most education events in one year, plus the first to be conducted in a foreign country (Mexico); the most OMBE courses (50) and graduates (1,200); and highest attendance at a symposium outside of Washington (862 in San Francisco).

Two new awards were presented at the symposium: for research accomplishment and for outstanding chapter newsletters.

Mrs. Ellsworth Morse Jr. accepts the Robert W. King Memorial Award, granted posthumously to her husband.

NBD approves fiscal year 1979 budget of $627,400 in revenue and total expenses of $602,929. AGA’s education program is expected to generate $257,500 in revenues, which for the first time will exceed dues income of $250,850. NBD has lengthy controversial discussion about the perennial question of how to split revenues from events sponsored jointly by local chapters and the National Office. Referred to the NEC for action.

AGA’s National Research Board issues study on the first year of Zero Base Budgeting in the federal government. The authors believe the administration tried to do too much during the first year of using ZBB. As a result, the overall benefits of ZBB were impaired.

September 1978

Although AGA believes the legislation establishing inspectors general in federal agencies to be significantly beneficial, it has detected some serious flaws in the original proposals and has expressed concern to the appropriate authorities.

The Association has provided detailed input to the President’s Pay Agent on the issue of federal pay scales.

The Washington Post publishes a review of the AGA National Research Board’s report on the first year of ZBB in the federal government, “sensationalizing” the problems identified by the report rather than the refinements suggested.

Richard Griffen Jr. joins the staff as Director of Socio-Economic Programs.

AGA and the Municipal Finance Officers Association sponsor two-day conference, Emerging Issues—Government Accounting and Auditing, in Detroit.

October 1978

AGA’s 84th chapter was installed in August. The Central Kentucky Chapter came with 49 new members. Ronald L. Cooper is the first president. While the group followed the recent trend of opting for a “geographical area” chapter name rather than identifying with a specific city, the chapter location actually encompasses a 50-mile radius around the state capital of Frankfort. The chapter’s membership rolls show a heavy concentration of state employees.

NEC moves to increase the number of regions from nine to 11, as of July 1. This is due to the disparity in the number of chapters per region, with some having as few as four chapters and others having as many as 15.
AGA continues its involvement in CARD—Council of Accounting Research Directors.

Robert Turner vacates National Office education director post to return to his previous employer. Registrar Susie Maruyama leaves her post as registrar after three years with AGA.

November 1978

Laurence E. Olewine, who served as acting director of education on a part-time basis for most of the past year, has been permanently named to the post.

WA "Bill" Broadus Jr., chair of AGA’s Subcommittee on Relations with the AICPA, appeared before the State of Board of Accountancy in Kentucky to speak out against a proposed amendment that would place additional requirements on state government accountants and auditors seeking CPA certificates.

Work has already begun on the national symposium, scheduled for June 18–20, 1979 in St. Louis.

Series of cost accounting standards workshops co-sponsored with the National Contract Management Association are conducted in 15 cities with more than 1,500 people attending.

December 1978

AGA’s Financial Management Standards Board explores ways to involve greater number of members in its deliberations on items that come before it for action.

Another state capital chapter forming in Des Moines, with 21 potential charter members.

Joint Financial Management Improvement Program celebrates 30th Anniversary.

National Office develops a chapter operations manual for officers and committees.

AGA urges caution in selecting new IGs. If the newly authorized inspectors and auditors general in federal departments and agencies are not selected in the “most professional and nonpartisan manner possible, the entire program could falter or be discredited at the outset. AGA recommends the establishment of an advisory body to consult on the qualifications of the nominees and to make recommendations to the President; and cautions against excess emphasis on investigative and prosecution experience over “auditors knowledgeable and experienced in control systems and other preventative measures.”

January 1979

Frederick Neuman, director, Defense Contract Audit Agency, has been nominated to become President-Elect of AGA.

The White House is close to naming the first 12 IGs. Congressman Jack Brooks, chairman of the Legislation and National Security Subcommittee of the House Committee on Government Operations, replied to letters to President Carter sent by AGA urging caution in selecting the new IGs. Brooks thanks the Association for its concern and contribution to the process.

NEC rejects any idea of creating an official “inactive chapter” status for AGA chapters and rejected a recommendation of the National Bylaws Committee that there be a near-automatic revocation of a chapter charter when the active membership falls below 10 members. In rejecting these suggestions, the NEC expressed its opinion that adequate means of treating weak chapters exist currently with AGA bylaws and established policy.

NEC votes to return the 1984 symposium to Washington.

Employment referral service continues to be a vital AGA program with 170 new applications on file as of November 1, 1978.

February 1979

AGA welcomed its 85th chapter in Des Moines in January with 21 charter members.

In response to an informal request from the Civil Service Commission, AGA’s Subcommittee on Relations with the Civil Commission has offered its definition of the major characteristics of a professional auditor.
Comptroller General Staats cites AGA study in his annual report to Congress on the Cost Accounting Standards Board progress.

For the first time, ads for the symposium are being placed in outside publications, including Management Accounting and the Journal of Accountancy.

March 1979

NEC encounters controversy with move by President Schoenhaut to relocate the 1981 symposium from Miami Beach, citing concern over whether the very small chapter in Miami could provide the necessary support and would make it difficult to defend returning to Miami Beach for the third time in 11 years. The NEC determined it had a moral obligation to follow the body’s original decision, citing concern also that the Association’s credibility could be impaired by an effort to get out of its contract with the Miami hotel.

Dittenhofer urges chapters to properly plan their monthly meetings in advance to make them more valuable to members.

NEC agrees to develop a common body of knowledge for the profession.

April 1979

Three AGA leaders have among the first group of inspectors general: Frank Sato will go to the Department of Transportation; June Brown to the Department of the Interior; and Allen Reynolds to the Veterans Administration.

AGA will establish student financial management clubs at colleges and universities under the sponsorship of local chapters.

James A. Robbins, national president in fiscal year 1962 and the Association’s first full-time executive director, died March 14 at his home in Boca Raton, FL.

May 1979

A petitioning group in Pierre, SD will become AGA’s 86th chapter in June. The chapter will be known as AGA of Central South Dakota.

Association’s common body of knowledge study sparks interest throughout the profession.

AGA forms ad hoc committee on International Affairs under the leadership of Past National President Arthur Litke.

June 1979

New plan for symposium site selection divides the country into three sections based on the AGA member rolls, and will systematically rotate the symposium around the sections in proportion to the number of members in each section. The 1985 symposium would be the first to fall under this plan.

Membership as of April 30 is at an all-time high of 10,568, which surpasses last June’s year-end figure of 10,272 (the net figure dropped back to 9,555 on October 31 as a result of suspensions).

July–August 1979

Nearly 800 attend symposium in St. Louis with Senator Thomas F. Eagleton, Securities and Exchange Commission Commissioner Irving M. Pollack and Comptroller General Elmer B. Staats among the keynoters.

Frank S. Sato becomes National President.

NBD takes unprecedented action to revoke the charter of the Central Alabama (Birmingham) Chapter, which has been defunct for two years. The NBD approved a $2.50 dues increase as of September 1, 1979 and $2.50 more on July 1, 1980. There is still a $10 differential between full and associate member dues. The NBD also approved a budget that calls for $753,340 in expenditures and $820,050 in revenue.

September 1979

Establishment of committees or task forces on international affairs, legislative affairs and equal opportunity increase the Association’s profile in those areas.

Bismark-Mandan, North Dakota Chapter is welcomed with nearly 200 potential members. While the chapter is actually the Association’s 87th active chapter, it was granted charter No. 100.

As AGA enters its fifth year of operation under the current National Executive Committee (NEC) concept, it is clear that the Association has arrived at an effective means of governing its affairs.

Countdown is on for the 1980 symposium in Boston, slated for June 16-18.

NEC acts to create an Education and Research Institute.

The June 30, 1979 year-end net membership figure stood at 10,751,nearly 500 higher than the same date in 1978.

October 1979

NEC takes action to establish the new AGA Education and Research Foundation.

AGA continues to expand into state capitals with the chartering of the Greater Lansing Chapter in Michigan.

The NEC votes to revoke the West Palm Beach Chapter’s charter after several years of inactivity.

AGA has charged that Congress, in artificially keeping a “pay cap” on top federal salaries, is effectively negating the many advantages cited by that body when it created the Senior Executive Service.

November 1979

The Education and Research Foundation moved forward with a corporate charter granted by the state of Virginia and approval of the basic concept by the NBD.

New chapter formed in Colorado Springs—AGA of Pikes Peak, with 27 charter members. Francis L. Mickle Jr. is the first president.

December 1979

National Membership Committee sets 12,000 as goal for the year.

Tokyo group surprises National Office with a petition for a new chapter. In 1953, charter No. 6 went to the Tokyo Chapter, which folded in the mid-1960s when American presence in Japan dwindled. The new group boasts 22 charter members and Robert Lloyd is the first president.

Audrey Dysland leaves director of finance and services post in the National Office to take a position with the Institute for Public Administration.