Resources by Fraud Type

The types of fraud listed under the "Tools by Fraud Type" subject subtitles are those most frequently encountered in the governmental environment. This is not an exhaustive list. Fraudsters are constantly thinking up new ways to prey on their victims.

When fraud is discovered, it is not unusual to discover that other, related types of fraud have been carried out simultaneously. When corruption, bid rigging and kickbacks are uncovered, government officials should assess whether other types of fraud, like cross charging, product substitution, and improper cost allocation have been committed.

This ToolKit can help unravel some of the complexities associated with fraud. For example, should investigators discover bid rigging, the menu selections offered can readily help identify other types of fraud that might accompany the bid rigging. After examining the resources available in the "Fraud Type" target tab, the user might select the "Business Process" target tab, which reveals related processes, like "Construction and Public Works" or "Contract Management."

Unavoidably the Fraud Prevention Tool user may see some duplication. Embezzlement, for example, can occur as part of any business process or in any program.

Selecting this view of the site will assist you in locating risks, red flags and prevention/detection tools by the type of fraud: