Appropriations Law Principles

Gain an overview of key appropriations law concepts and principles based on GAO’s Principles of Federal Appropriations Law (the Red Book). The course utilizes 45 specific “purpose categories,” 130 comptroller general decisions, and 15 Anti-Deficiency Act violations for instruction, illustration, and reinforcement of discussed principles and prohibitions. Brief scenarios from comptroller general decisions and Anti-Deficiency Act violations are assigned for group discussion of specific concepts.

Learning Objectives

This course covers:

  • Terminology from GAO’s A Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget Process
  • Federal budget cycle, including budget preparation, budget submission, congressional action and budget execution 
  • Agency regulations and review of agency discretion in use of appropriations 
  • Availability of funds relating to the purpose, time and amount of appropriations  
  • Selected Anti-Deficiency Act violations relating to improper use or augmentation of appropriations  
  • Determining length, amount, and use of appropriations under a continuing resolution 
  • Categories, roles and responsibilities of accountable officers
  • Liability and relief of liability of accountable officers for losses of funds or improper payments

Related Courses

  • Anti-Deficiency Act Statutes
  • Appropriations Law Refresher
  • Appropriations Law Refresher and Update
  • Field(s) of Study

    Business Law

    Course Length

    3 days

    Course Level



    Herko, John

    CPE Hours

    24 CPEs

    Group Cost

    Questions? or 703.684.6931, ext. 303.